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Bob Marley (Music)

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Robert Nesta Marley (February 6, 1945, died May 11, 1981) was a Jamaican reggae musician. He was born in a small village in Saint Ann Parish, Jamaica.

His father Norval Sinclair Marley was born in Jamaica in 1895 to British parents from Sussex. Norval was a Marine officer and captain in the navy jamaiciske. He married Cedelle Booker, a black eighteen-year-old Jamaican. Norval provided financial support for his wife and child, but seldom saw them, since he was away on trips. Bob was 10 years old when his father died of a heart attack in 1955, 60 years old.

Bob was the childhood victim of prejudice because of his origins. Bob and his family moved to Kingston after Norval's death. Marley was again subjected to bullying because of his height, he was 163 cm and was not accepted by either the white or black because he was mulatto. He gained a reputation for having a huge mental strength that made him the nickname "Tuff Gong".

Marley became friends with Neville "Bunny" Livingston, later known as Bunny Wailer, with whom he started to play music. Bob left school at age of 14 to begin an apprenticeship with a local welder. In my spare time playing music with Bob Livingston and Joe Higgs, a local musician who had gone over to Rastafari. Higgs is one of Bob Marley many mentors, during a rehearsal session with Higgs and Livinston Marley met Peter McIntosh, who would later be known as Peter Tosh. McIntosh had similar musical ambitions as Livingston and Marley.

In 1962, Marley recorded his first two singles, "Judge Not" and "One Cup of Coffee", with music producer Leslie Kong. These are songs that were later released under the synonym Bobby Martell, but attracted very little attention. It was later when Bob, Bunny and Peter began to play at the well-known producing Lee "Scratch" Perry that they got their first number one hit in Jamaica, with the song "Simmer Down" in 1966. At the beginning of the 1970s were the trio who called themselves the Wailers speed on his musical career, drummer Perry's studio band, Carlton Barrett, and bassist Aston "Familyman" Barrett was a full member of the Wailers along with founders Peter, Bob and Bunny. To the band's great frustration Perry sold their demos to the UK without The Wailers approval. The Wailers left the production in anger, but Chris Blackwell, founder of Island Records, heard these recordings in England and would soon sign a contract with The Wailers. In 1973 they released their debut album "Catch A Fire" and later that year came the album "Burning" as a scroll containing "Get Up, Stand Up" and "I Shot The Sheriff". After this, The Wailers a popular reggae band in both the UK and in Jamaica. In 1974 decided to Peter Tosh and Bunny Wailer and concentrate on a solo career, Marley and replaced them by bringing in his wife, Rita Marley, Judy Mowatt and Marcia Griffiths as kore trio "I Threes". The following year was Bob Marley and The Wailers with the album "Natty Dread" which contains several of their most famous songs, browse "No Woman, No Cry", "Rebel Music" and "Lively Up Yourself". The album was a huge success internationally.

In 1976 the album "Rastaman Vibration" was released. In December of that year was Bob Marley and The Wailers perform at a peace concert in Kingston. Three days before the concert was Bob Marley house stormed by an unknown number of masked men who shot everything that moved. Bob Marley was hit in the elbow, while his wife was shot in the head but survived incredible NOK. Three days later Bob Marley on stage. There, he showed up his three days old bullet wound, and continued to spread his message of unity and "One Love". After the assassination attempt on Bob Marley moved to London. Where he lived for 14 months before he returned to Jamaica with an even more revolutionary message of a tdligere. It's going well up on the album "Survival" and "Uprising", with songs that make upper-class society to shake! In 1980, played Bob Marley and The Wailers in Harare on Zimbabwe's løsrivelsesdag from the United Kingdom. Both Prince Charles and Robert Mugabe was tilstedet. This was a great moment for Bob Marley, and find that Africa breaks from the colonial powers.

Bob Marley got cancer in 1977 in a toe after a football match in Paris. The cancer spread throughout the body, and Marley had two strokes before he died May 11, 1981 in Florida. Bob Marley will be remembered as the great reggae ambassador and human rights activist he was. He was a Rastaman from the age of 21 years until his death, 36 years old. Bob Marley achieved great international success, despite the fact that only he was known internationally for seven years while he lived. In 1979 he established his own studio and label, "Tuff Gong", in Kingston. Tuff Gong has been used for a variety of reggae artists. Worth mentioning is his childhood Marley Burning Spear and Alpha Blondy. It is also said that Bob Marley should have spent large sums of money on matstasjoner around in the most needy slum areas in Jamaica. He is currently the nearest symbol of Rastafari and Reggae Music.

Discography

1973 - Catch A Fire
1973 - Burnin '
1974 - Natty Dread
1975 - Bob Marley and The Wailers LIVE
1976 - Rastaman Vibration
1976 - Live At The Roxy
1977 - Exodus
1978 - Kaya
1978 - Babylon By Bus
1979 - Survival
1980 - Uprising
1983 - Confrontation


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