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Lady and the Tramp


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Lady and the Tramp (Movies)
Lady and the Tramp (Movies)
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Information about Lady and the Tramp

Lady and the Tramp is a 1955 (64 years ago) American animated feature movie produced by Walt Disney and released to theaters on Jun. 22, 1955 (64 years ago) by Buena Vista Distribution. The fifteenth animated feature in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series, it was the first animated feature filmed in the CinemaScope widescreen movie process. The story centers on a female American Cocker Spaniel named Lady who lives with a refined, upper middle-class family, and a male stray mutt called the Tramp.

Plot

On Christmas morning in 1909 (110 years ago) Jim Dear gives his wife Darling a cocker spaniel puppy that they name Lady. Though initially planning that Lady would sleep in a basket in the kitchen, she ends up sleeping on the bed with the couple. When she is six months old, she receives a collar and license. Lady goes to show off her badge of maturity to her canine friends Jock, a Scottish terrier and Trusty, a Bloodhound. Across town, a stray mutt, referred to as the Tramp, visits an Italian restaurant where he gets a large bone from the owner for his breakfast. He also spots his fellow strays Peg (a former Dog and Pony Show dog) Pekingese and Bull, a Bulldog, locked up in a dog catcher's wagon and sets them free, leading the dogcatcher away in a decoy chase.

Later, Lady is saddened after Jim Dear calls her "THAT Dog", and another occasion, when Darling swats her for pulling on the yarn she was using to knit. When she tells Jock and Trusty about these events, and how Jim Dear is always asking about Darling's "condition" they explain to her that Darling is expecting a baby. While her friends continue to explain what a baby is, the Tramp wanders into the yard, warning her that when the baby comes she'll lose her comfortable place in the home. Jock and Trusty take an immediate dislike to the stray and order him out of the yard.

The baby arrives and Lady goes to the nursery to finally get a look. Lady realizes the baby is harmless, and assigns herself as its protector. Soon after, Jim Dear and Darling decide to go on a trip together, leaving Aunt Sarah to look after the baby and the house. Aunt Sarah brings her two Siamese cats, Si and Am. While Aunt Sarah is busy with the baby, the two cats begin causing mischief. Lady barks at and chases them, and when Aunt Sarah comes down to investigate the noise, the two cats pretend to be hurt.

Aunt Sarah takes her to a pet shop and has her muzzled. Terrified, Lady escapes, attracting a pack of vicious street dogs. The Tramp sees she's in trouble and rescues her. He takes her to the zoo where they convince a beaver to remove the muzzle. Then the two dogs go around town and the Tramp tells her about his life, and all the "homes" and names he has.

Lady and the Tramp share a spaghetti dinnerAt dinnertime, the Tramp takes Lady to his favorite Italian place, Tony's, where Tony and Joe prepare the couple a dinner of spaghetti and meatballs and serenade the couple. As they eat, the dogs inadvertently share a kiss when they attempt to eat the same piece of spaghetti. After dinner, they go for a walk through the park and eventually fall asleep. In the morning, the Tramp asks Lady to stay with him, but she feels she must watch over the baby so he agrees to take her home. On the way, he convinces her to chase some chickens with him, but while they are escaping, the dogcatcher catches Lady. At the pound, Lady is teased a bit by the rougher strays for being high bred, but Peg (who has been caught again), tells them to stop. The other dogs admire Lady's license, as it is her way out of the pound. Soon the dogs reveal the Tramp's many girlfriends and how he is unlikely to ever settle down. They also predict that if the Tramp ever does settle down, he'll grow careless and likely be caught and put to sleep. The talk upsets Lady, but she is soon taken home.

Aunt Sarah chains her to a doghouse in the back yard, much to her shame. Jock and Trusty visit to try to comfort her, and even propose marriage so she could move to one of their homes. Lady appreciates their gesture but gently turns them down. Then Tramp comes to visit but when he tries to apologize thunder starts to rumble as Lady furiously confronts him about all of his other girls, after which the Tramp sadly leaves. Moments later as it starts to rain, Lady sees a rat sneaking into the house. She barks frantically, but Aunt Sarah yells at her to be quiet. The Tramp hears her and runs back to help. Following Lady's directions, he gets into the house, finds the rat in the nursery and battles it. Lady breaks her chain to follow him into the house. When she gets in the nursery the rat is about to harm the baby, but Tramp jumps at the last minute and eventualy kills it under a table, overturning the baby's crib in the process. Aunt Sarah runs in, and seeing the overturned crib, thinks Tramp attacked the baby. She pushes him into a closet and Lady into the basement, then calls the pound to take Tramp away.

As the dogcatcher is taking the Tramp away, Jim Dear and Darling arrive and Lady leads them to the dead rat; Jim Dear and Darling realize what has really happened. Jock and Trusty, having overheard everything, chase after the dogcatcher's wagon. Jock is convinced Trusty has long since lost his sense of smell, but the old bloodhound is able to find the wagon. They bark at the horses to make it stop, causing it to fall. Jim Dear arrives by car with Lady, and Lady is happily reunited with the Tramp before they discover that the wagon fell on Trusty.

A year passes, Christmas arrives, and Tramp now has his own collar and license and has been adopted by Jim Dear and Darling. She and the Tramp have a litter of four puppies. Jock and Trusty come to see the family and Tramp's new collar, with Trusty carefully walking on his injured leg.

Voice cast

  • Peggy Lee as Darling, Si, Am, Peg
  • Barbara Luddy as Lady
  • Larry Roberts as The Tramp
  • Bill Thompson as Jock, Joe, Bulldog, Dachsie, Policeman
  • Bill Baucom as Trusty
  • Stan Freberg as Mr. Busy the beaver
  • Verna Felton as Aunt Sarah
  • Alan Reed as Boris
  • Thurl Ravenscroft as Al the Alligator (2 walls)
  • George Givot as Tony
  • Dallas McKennon as Toughy, Pedro, Professor, Hyena
  • Lee Millar as Jim Dear, Dogcatcher
  • The Mellomen as Dog Chorus

Production

Story

In 1937 (82 years ago) legendary Disney story man Joe Grant approached Walt Disney with some sketches he had made of his Springer Spaniel named Lady and some of her regular antics. Disney enjoyed the sketches and told Grant to put them together as a storyboard. When Grant returned with his boards, Disney was not pleased and the story was shelved.

In 1943 (76 years ago) Walt read in Cosmopolitan a short story written by Ward Greene, called Happy Dan, The Whistling Dog. He was interested in the story and bought the rights to it.

By 1949 (70 years ago) Grant had left the studio, but Disney story men were continually pulling Grant's original drawings and story off the shelf to retool. Finally a solid story began taking shape in 1953 (66 years ago), based on Grant's storyboards and Green's short story. Greene later wrote a novelization of the movie that was released two years before the movie itself, at Walt Disney's insistence, so that audiences would be familiar with the story. Grant didn't receive credit for any story work in the film, an issue that animation director Eric Goldberg hoped to rectify in the Lady and the Tramp Platinum Edition's behind-the-scenes vignette that explained Grant's role.

Cinemascope

This was the first Disney animated feature filmed in CinemaScope. Presented in an aspect ratio of 2.55:1 it is, to date, the widest movie that Disney has ever produced. Sleeping Beauty was also produced for an original 2.55:1 aspect ratio, but was never presented in theatres this way — the movie is nevertheless presented in its original 2.55:1 aspect on DVD (Digital Versatile Disc) and Blu-ray Disc Platinum Edition release.

This new innovation of Cinemascope presented some additional problems for the animators: the expansion of canvas space makes it difficult for a single character to dominate the screen, and groups must be spread out to keep the screen from appearing sparse. Longer takes become necessary since constant jump-cutting would seem too busy or annoying. Layout artists essentially had to reinvent their technique. Animators had to remember that they could move their characters across a background instead of the background passing behind them. The animators overcame these obstacles during the action scenes, such as the Tramp killing the rat. However, some character development was lost, as there was more realism but fewer closeups, therefore less involvement with the audience.

More problems arose as the premiere date got closer. Although Cinemascope was becoming a growing interest to movie-goers, not all theaters had the capabilities at the time. Upon learning this, Walt issued two versions of the movie to be created: one in widescreen, and another in the original aspect ratio. This involved gathering the layout artists to restructure key scenes when characters were on the outside area of the screen.

Script revisions

The finished movie is slightly different from what was originally planned. Although both the original script and the final product shared most of the same elements, it would still be revised and revamped. Originally, Lady was to have only one next door neighbor, a Ralph Bellamy-type canine named Hubert. Hubert was later replaced by Jock and Trusty. A scene created but then deleted was one in which, while Lady fears of the arrival of the baby, she has a "Parade of the Shoes" nightmare (similar to Dumbo's "Pink Elephants on Parade" nightmare) where a baby bootie splits in two, then four, and continues to multiply. The dream shoes then fade into real shoes, their wearer exclaiming that the baby has been born.

Another cut scene was after Trusty says "Everybody knows, a dog's best friend is his human". This leads to Tramp describing a world where the roles of both dogs and humans are switched; the dogs are the masters and vice-versa.

Prior to being just "The Tramp," the character went through a number of suggested names including Homer, Rags, and Bozo. It was thought in the 1950 (69 years ago) that the term "tramp" would not be acceptable, but since Walt Disney approved of the choice, it was considered safe under his acceptance. On early story boards shown on the Backstage Disney DVD (Digital Versatile Disc) had listed description "a tramp dog" with "Homer" or one of the mentioned prior names.

Reception

Despite being an enormous success at the box office, the movie was initially panned by many critics: one indicated that the dogs had "the dimensions of hippos," another that "the artists' work is below par". However the movie has since come to be regarded as a classic.

Lady and the Tramp was named number 95 out of the "100 Greatest Love Stories of All Time" by the American movie Institute in their A Hundred Years...A Hundred Passions special.

Source: en.wikipedia.org


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