Tags: kama sutra (15 pics)
The Kama Sutra (Sanskrit: कामसूत्र kamasutra = "lines of desire") was probably AD 200 to 300 BC Mallanaga written by Vatsyayana. The plant belongs to the Indian tradition of Kamashastra texts and is considered one of the most influential works of world cultural history on the topic of erotic love. The content goes beyond a simple textbook Erotic addition to which it is often reduced. The full title of the book is written in Sanskrit Vatsyayana Kamasutra. About the author has no further details known.
The workThe Kama Sutra was first translated in 1884 by Richard Francis Burton from Sanskrit into English, and in the Western world largely misunderstood as slippery manual for sexual practices. The Indian culture is characterized by strong social associations. Social behavior is measured here in what we can do in one's own caste, and must do. Deviations from standard behavior should be sanctioned. In all classes and castes, there is a patriarchal and heterosexist order, however, fell into urban centers, where the Kama Sutra was created, to falter. The work itself as a guide for sexual and erotic at the same time, the ethical life, art and provides very detailed and pragmatic guidance and positions during sexual intercourse, homosexual sex practices while not lacking, but subordinate to the heterosexual clear. The earlier translation into English but they were simply omitted. Furthermore, described and regulated are choosing a partner, maintaining power in marriage, adultery, prostitution and the use of drugs.
Based on the description of four types of stroke during lovemaking, and the permissible areas of the body blows to the Kama Sutra is one of the first historical reference manual texts with BDSM. Among other types of pain are presented to the voluptuous bottoms or advised of the perforation of the glans (penis) with a desire to increase the Apadravya woman. The text is explicitly pointed out that the strikes may be made based games as well as biting and pinching during sexual intercourse only if this connection is by consensus between the partners. The improvements of the text argues that not all women experience such practices as pleasurable. From this perspective may be the Kama Sutra the first surviving written text over SM practices and safety rules.
The intentionThe Kama Sutra is similar to information about working with people of Baron von Knigge, emerged the courtly environment. Unlike at times in Europe at the time Emily was in India and the religion of the individual bit everything. Therefore, the Kamasutra is not only a parodic description of etiquette and how to live out his sexuality without falling into disrepute, but also a protest against the total regulation of even the small details of human life through the many ancient writings, the legislative character had.
Kama means, loosely translated, desire and is an unchaste word. It is not just about love or sex, because even the growl of an empty stomach is an expression of Kama. Making something potentially erotic-sexual to the title of a textbook, was in prudish India in itself a provocation. By combining with the word in the title of the sutra works but also have raised the claim on a par with the ancient works, consisting of sutras, and had laid the cultural foundation of India, even before there was writing.
The thorough, extremely systematic and realistic representation in certain respects even the smallest details of the search for a suitable sex partner with seduction, pursuit and the ending, not only arise from an effort to explain how we find them later, such as Alfred Kinsey. Rather, this meticulous presentation and regulation is a typical feature of ancient Indian scriptures, which was used here to indicate the proximity, comparability, or an equally high priority as these writings. Phrases like "The 64 auspicious sign of a good lover," which are described separately below, comprehensible, and divided into subgroups that are reminiscent of classifications such as the "thousand-petalled lotus", the highest chakra, as the supreme authority for (5 + Sensors 5 actuators) * 2 directions * 50 has been described tendencies. In contrast to the religious texts, which is to denounce these "low desire" as dangerous enemies of spiritual development, they just consistently paid homage to the Kama Sutra.
Since Sanskrit verses sell itself in a German translation is not very good, this text by the publishers over the years more and more erotic images have been attached to these images constitute the majority and the text share was reduced to the captions. With this profit-setting sex sells, the author did not have much in mind. Much more he was about the hypocrisy of the Sanskrit pandits reciting-baring one hand and the court double standards on the other.
Richard Schmidt (eds.): The Kamasutra. The Indian Ars Amatoria. In addition to the full commentary (Jayamangala) of Yasodhara.
Mylius, Klaus (ed.): The Ka-masu-tra. Translated from Sanskrit into German and ed. by Klaus Mylius. Reclam, Leipzig 1986, Reclam's Universal Library. Bd 9781st Reclam, Stuttgart 1999.
Wendy Doniger, Sudhir Kakar (Ed.): Kamasutra. Translated into English, annotated and introduced by Wendy Doniger and Sudhir Kakar.
Sandhya Mulchandani, Sudhir Kakar: Kamasutra. The Indian doctrine of love. Collection Rolf Heyne, Munich 2008.
Wendy Doniger: On the Kama Sutra. In: Daedalus. Spring 2002, p. 126-129.
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