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Trinitadei Monti Church Spanish Steps Rome Italy

Trinitadei Monti Church Spanish Steps Rome Italy (Known places)

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Tags: rome (22 pics), church (31 pics), religious architecture (51 pics), italy (132 pics)

Trinità dei Monti

Trinità dei Monti (also called Santissima Trinità al Monte Pincio, Trinità del Monte, or Holy Trinity on Pincio Hill) is a Baroque church in Rome. It is best known for its scenographic dominance above the Spanish Steps that descend into the Piazza di Spagna.

History

In 1494 (526 years ago) Saint Francis of Paola, a hermit from Calabria bought a vineyard from the Papal scholar and former patriarch of Aquileia, Ermolao Barbaro, and then obtained the authorization from Pope Alexander VI to establish a monastery. In 1502 (518 years ago), Louis XII of France began construction of the church of Trinità dei Monti next to this monastery, to celebrate his successful invasion of Naples. Construction began in a cutomarily French style with pointed late Gothic arches. Construction lagged, and a more conventionally Italian Renaissance church, with Carlo Maderno's façade, was finally consecrated in 1585 (435 years ago) by the great urbanizer Pope Sixtus V, whose via Sistina connected the Piazza below with the Porta del Popolo, the main north entrance to Rome.

The Bourbon kings of France remained patrons of the church. During the Napoleonic occupation of Rome, the church, like many others in Rome, was despoiled of its artwork and decoration. After the Bourbon restoration Louis XVIII, the looted artwork was returned, and the present façade was commissioned in 1816 (204 years ago) from Carlo Francesco Mazois.

In 1828 (192 years ago), under an agreement worked out by Pope Leo XII and Charles X of France, the church and monastery were entrusted to the "Religieuses du Sacré-Coeur de Jésus" (Society of the Sacred Heart), a French religious order, which remained at the church and monastery until the year 2006 (14 years ago). In sep. 2006 (14 years ago), the church and monastery were newly entrusted to the "Fraternités Monastiques de Jérusalem" (Monastic Fraternity of Jerusalem), also a French religious order, founded in 1975 (45 years ago) by Brother Pierre-Marie Delfieux. The Monastic Fraternity of Jerusalem remains headquartered there still today.


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