Category
3 Dimensional
3D Landscape
Abstract
Aircraft / Planes
Animals
Boats
Buildings & City
Cars
Comics
Computer
Development
Digital art
Drawing & Painting
Fantasy
Female Celebrities
Games
Gothic / Dark Art
Known places
Male Celebrities
Miscellaneous
Motor
Movies
Music
Nature
Space
Sport

Popular tags
View all...

Artists
View all...
Queen Hatshepsut’s Temple, Egypt

Queen Hatshepsut’s Temple, Egypt (Known places)

Twitter Share
FaceBook Share

Tags: egypt (18 pics)

The Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut is situated beneath the cliffs at Deir el Bahari on the west bank of the Nile near the Valley of the Kings in Egypt. Designed by the architect Senemut, the mortuary temple is dedicated to the sun god Amon-Ra and is located next to the mortuary temple of Mentuhotep II, which served both as an inspiration, and later, a quarry. It is considered one of the "incomparable monuments of ancient Egypt."

Architecture
Although the adjacent, earlier mortuary temple of Mentuhotep was used as a model, the two structures are nevertheless significantly different in many ways. Hatshepsut's temple employs a lengthy, colonnaded terrace that deviates from the centralised structure of Mentuhotep’s model – an anomaly that may be caused by the decentralized location of her burial chamber. There are three layered terraces reaching 97 feet tall. Each 'story' is articulated by a double colonnade of square piers, with the exception of the northwest corner of the central terrace, which employs Proto Doric columns to house the chapel. These terraces are connected by long ramps which were once surrounded by gardens. The layering of Hatshepsut’s temple corresponds with the classical Theban form, employing pylons, courts, hypostyle hall, sun court, chapel and sanctuary.

Sculpture and Relief
The relief sculpture within Hatshepsut’s temple recites the tale of the divine birth of a female pharaoh- the first of its kind. The text and pictorial cycle also tell of an expedition to the Land of Punt, an exotic country on the Red Sea coast. While the statues and ornamentation have since been stolen or destroyed, the temple once was home to two statues of Osiris, a sphinx avenue as well as many sculptures of the Queen in different attitudes – standing, sitting, or kneeling.

Historical Influence
Hatshepsut’s temple is considered the closest Egypt came to the Classical Architecture. It marks a turning point in the architecture of Ancient Egypt, which forsook the megalithic geometry of the Old Kingdom for a temple which allowed for active worship, requiring the presence of participants to create the majesty. The linear axiality of Hatshepsut’s temple is mirrored in the later New Kingdom temples. The architecture of the original temple has been considerably altered as a result of misguided reconstruction in the early twentieth century AD.


Navigation

Download

Comments


Users who have seen this wallpaper have also seen:

Durdle Door Lulworth Cove Dorset England
Durdle Door Lulworth Cove Dorset England
Texas State Capitol, located in the heart of Austin
Texas State Capitol, located in the heart of Austin
Beynac, Dordogne River, France
Beynac, Dordogne River, France
Fireworks Over The Bay, San Francisco, California
Fireworks Over The Bay, San Francisco, California
Matsumoto Castle, Japan
Matsumoto Castle, Japan

Random Known places pictures

Lighthouse At Sunset, Patos Island, San Juan Islands, Washington
Lighthouse At Sunset, Patos Island, San Juan Islands, Washington
HDR Lake Building
HDR Lake Building
Sydney Opera House Fireworks
Sydney Opera House Fireworks
Ait Benhaddou, High Atlas, Morocco
Ait Benhaddou, High Atlas, Morocco
Mont Saint-Michel At Dawn, Normandy, France
Mont Saint-Michel At Dawn, Normandy, France





This image is free for personal use on computer screens only. For more info read Privacy Policy

DeleteRequest deletion of this wallpaper
DeleteClaim ownership of this picture
 Sitemap | Contact Us