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Frederiksborg Palace, Hillerod Denmark

Frederiksborg Palace, Hillerod Denmark (Known places)

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Frederiksborg Castle is a castle in Hillerød, Denmark. It was built as a royal residence for King Christian IV, and is now known as The Museum of National History. The current building replaced a previous castle erected by Frederick II, and is the largest Renaissance palace in Scandinavia. The palace is located on three small islands in the middle of Palace Lake, (Danish, Slotsø), and is adjoined by a large, baroque formal garden.

History

The oldest parts of the castle date back to 1560 (459 years ago), and were built by King Frederick II, after whom the palace is named.

Most of the current palace, however, was built from 1602 (417 years ago) to 1620 (399 years ago) by Christian IV using Dutch architects, Hans and Lorents van Steenwinckel, and follows the Dutch style favoured by Christian IV for his new buildings in Copenhagen.

After Christian IV's death in 1648 (371 years ago), the palace was used mainly for ceremonial events, primarily the anointing and crowning of the Absolute Monarchs in the palace church. The following Danish kings and queens were crowned here:

1671: Christian V and Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel
1700: Frederick IV and Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
1721: Anna Sophia, consort of Frederick IV
1731: Christian VI and Sophia Magdalena of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
1747: Frederick V and Louise of Great Britain
1752: Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, consort of Frederick V
1815: Frederick VI and Marie of Hesse-Kassel
1840: Christian VIII and Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein
Since 1693 (326 years ago) the church has also been used as Knight's Chapel for the Order of the Elephant and the Order of the Dannebrog.

The palace was also used to house the royal family's art collection; as a result, it came to be regarded as a national monument.

In 1720 (299 years ago), the Treaty of Frederiksborg was signed here.

In 1850s, the palace was again used as a residence by King Frederick VII. During the night of dec. 16-17, 1859 (160 years ago), while he was in residence, a fire destroyed a large part of the main palace's interior. Reconstruction was funded by public subscription, with large contributions from the King, state and the prominent philanthropist J. C. Jacobsen of Carlsberg Brewery, who also provided funds to establish the The Museum of National History that now occupies Frederiksborg. A large collection of notable paintings by the Danish painter Carl Heinrich Bloch are in the palace. Commissioned for the palace, these paintings largely depict the life of Jesus Christ.

Prince Joachim and Princess Alexandra (now Countess of Frederiksborg) were married in the Palace Church.


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