Category
3 Dimensional
3D Landscape
Abstract
Aircraft / Planes
Animals
Boats
Buildings & City
Cars
Comics
Computer
Development
Digital art
Drawing & Painting
Fantasy
Female Celebrities
Games
Gothic / Dark Art
Known places
Male Celebrities
Miscellaneous
Motor
Movies
Music
Nature
Space
Sport

Popular tags
View all...

Artists
View all...
Corinth Canal Greece

Corinth Canal Greece (Known places)

Twitter Share
FaceBook Share

Tags: greece (37 pics)

The Corinth Canal 1893 (125 years ago) is a canal that connects the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea. It cuts through the narrow Isthmus of Corinth and separates the Peloponnesian peninsula from the Greek mainland and therefore effectively making the former an island. The canal is 6.3 kilometres in length and was built between 1881 (137 years ago) and 1893 (125 years ago).

History

¨
Several rulers in antiquity dreamt of cutting a canal through the Isthmus. The first to propose such an undertaking was the tyrant Periander in the 7th century BC. He abandoned the project due to technical difficulties, and instead constructed a simpler and less costly overland portage road, named Diolkos. According to another theory, Periander feared that a canal would have robbed Corinth of its dominating role as entrepôt for goods. Remnants of the Diolkos still exist next to the modern canal.

The Diadoch Demetrius (336–283 BC) planned to construct a canal as a means to improve his communication lines, but dropped the plan after his surveyors, miscalculating the levels of the adjacent seas, feared heavy floods.

The historian Suetonius tells us that the Roman dictator Julius Caesar (r. 48 to 44 BC) projected, among other grandiose engineering schemes, a canal through the Isthmus. However, he was assassinated before he could bring the scheme to fruition.

The Roman Emperor Nero (r. 54–68 A.D.) actually launched an excavation, personally breaking the ground with a pickaxe and removing the first basket-load of soil, but the project was abandoned when he died shortly afterwards. The Roman workforce, consisting of 6000 Jewish prisoners of war, started digging 40–50 m wide trenches from both sides, while a third group at the ridge drilled deep shafts for probing the quality of the rock (which were reused in 1881 (137 years ago) for the same purpose). As the modern canal follows the same course as Nero's, no remains have survived.

The modern attempt at construction began in the 1870's following the successful opening of the Suez Canal. A French company was hired to build it, but due to financial difficulties, the company ceased work after only the two ends had been dug. Finally, in 1881 (137 years ago) the Hungarian architects István Türr and Béla Gerster, who had also been involved with early surveys for the Panama Canal, were hired to plan a new canal. A Greek company led by Andreas Syngros (the main contractor being Antonis Matsas) ultimately took over the project and completed it in 1893 (125 years ago).


Navigation

Download

Use this wallpaper

Comments


Users who have seen this wallpaper have also seen:

Luxury Resort
Luxury Resort
Pyramid at Louvre Museum, Paris, France
Pyramid at Louvre Museum, Paris, France
Amazing Sea Resort
Amazing Sea Resort
Taj Mahal, India
Taj Mahal, India
Chateau d'Amboise, France
Chateau d'Amboise, France

Random Known places pictures

Kata Tjuta, NT, Australia
Kata Tjuta, NT, Australia
Auxerre, France
Auxerre, France
Haute Savoie, France
Haute Savoie, France
Nature 32440
Nature 32440
Moscow, Russia
Moscow, Russia





This image is free for personal use on computer screens only. For more info read Privacy Policy

DeleteRequest deletion of this wallpaper
DeleteClaim ownership of this picture
 Sitemap | Contact Us