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Chateau De Chantilly, Chantilly, France

Chateau De Chantilly, Chantilly, France (Known places)

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Château de Chantilly

The Château de Chantilly is a historic château located in the town of Chantilly, France. It comprises two attached buildings; the Grand Château, destroyed during the French Revolution and rebuilt in the 1870s, and the Petit Château which was built around 1560 (458 years ago) for Anne de Montmorency. It is owned by the Institut de France, and is open to the public.

History

The estate began in 1484 (534 years ago) when Chantilly came into the possession of the Montmorency family. The first mansion (no longer extant, now replaced by the Grand Château) was built in 1528–1531 for the Constable Anne de Montmorency by Pierre Chambiges. The Petit Château was also built for him, around 1560 (458 years ago), and probably by Jean Bullant. In 1632 (386 years ago), after the death of Henri II, it passed to the Grand Condé who inherited it through his mother, a Montmorency.

Several interesting pieces of history are associated with the Château during the 1600 (418 years ago). Molière's play, Les Précieuses ridicules, received its first performance here in 1659 (359 years ago). Madame de Sévigné relates in her memoirs that when Louis XIV visited in 1671 (347 years ago), François Vatel, the maître d'hôtel to the Grand Condé, committed suicide when he feared the fish would be served late.

The original mansion was destroyed in the French Revolution. It was repaired in a modest way by the last Condé, but then entirely rebuilt in 1875–1881 by Henri d'Orléans, duc d'Aumale (1822–1897) to the designs of Honore Daumet. (The new château has met with mixed reviews. Boni de Castellane summed up one line of thought: "What is today styled a Marvel (19 pics) is one of the saddest specimens of the architecture of our era — one enters at the second floor and descends to the salons".) In the intervening years, the entire property had been confiscated from the Orléans family between the years 1853-1872, during which interval it was owned by Coutts, an English bank. In the end, the Duc d'Aumale bequeathed the property to the Institut de France upon his death in 1897 (121 years ago).

During the First World War, Chantilly marks the farthest advance of the German troops in the region. Subsequently served as headquarters for Joseph Joffre and a number of conferences between the Allies were held there.


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