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Avila Castile Spain

Avila Castile Spain (Known places)

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The Castle of the La Mota or Castillo de La Mota is a reconstructed medieval fortress, located in the town of Medina del Campo, (Valladolid, Spain). It is so named because of its location on an elevated hill, a mota, from where it dominates the town and surrounding land. The adjacent town came to be surrounded by an expanding series of walls in subsequent years, of which little remains. La Mota is made from local red brick, utlilizing stone only for some details. It has been protected by the state as a site of cultural interest, or Bien de Interés Cultural since 1904 (115 years ago).The castle itself was reconstructed in the twentieth century. Reconstruction was mainly pursued by the Falange government of Francisco Franco, who had a nostalgia for structures having links to the Catholic Kings.

History

Initial fortification of the village, repopulated after Moorish depredations, led to the creation of a fortress at the site, starting in 1080 (939 years ago). The village soon grew alongside. In 1354 (665 years ago), Henry of Trastamara is known to have taken the fortress by force. In 1390 (629 years ago) Juan I granted the town to his son, the infante Ferdinand of Antequera, future king of Aragon. After Ferdinand's death in 1416 (603 years ago), his son, Juan of Aragon, in 1433 (586 years ago) taxed local residents to help pay for construction at the Mota. During the following century, the castle and town changed hands between rival kings of Castile and Aragon; sometimes castle and town held by opposing sides. In 1439 (580 years ago), for example, the prince of Aragon locked the town gates, thereby imprisoning the Castilian king within the castle walls. In 1441 (578 years ago), the Castilian king was able to obtain the surrender of some 250 soldiers of Aragon within the castle.

After the Battle of Olmedo in 1445 (574 years ago), the castle came once and for all into hands of the Castilian monarchy. In 1460 (559 years ago), King Henry IV of Castile built the central tower. In 1464 (555 years ago), Henry gave the castle to the Archbishop of Toledo, Alonso Carrillo, who soon betrayed the king, and backed the rival claimant Afonso V of Portugal. After taking the castle by force, it fell by 1467 (552 years ago) into the hands of supporters of King Afonso, while the village supported Henry.

Subsequently, the castle was disputed between the princess claimant, Isabella of Castile and her cousin of dubious paternity, the princess Juana la Beltraneja.

After a succession of owners, in 1475 (544 years ago), the crown of Castile reclaimed the castle, and built an artillery bastion, upon whose entrance are the heraldic symbols of the Catholic Monarchs, Ferdinand and Isabel.


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