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Im So Confused Mantled Howler Monkey

Im So Confused Mantled Howler Monkey (Animals)

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Tags: monkey (20 pics)

The Mantled Howler (Alouatta palliata), or Golden-mantled Howling Monkey, is a species of howler monkey, a type of New World monkey, from Central and South America. It is one of the monkey species most often seen and heard in the wild in Central America. It takes its "mantled" name from the long guard hairs on its sides.

The Mantled Howler is one of the largest Central American monkeys, and males can weigh up to 9.8 kg (22 lb). It is the one Central American monkey whose diet is composed mostly of leaves. The Mantled Howler has several adaptations to this folivorous diet. Since leaves are difficult to digest and provide less energy than most foods, Mantled Howlers spend the majority of each day resting and sleeping. Male Mantled Howlers also have an enlarged hyoid bone, which is a hollow bone near the vocal chords. This enlarged bone amplifies the calls made by the male, which give the monkey its common name of "howler". Howling allows the monkeys to locate each other without expending energy on moving or risking physical confrontation.

The Mantled Howler lives in groups that can have over 40 members, although groups are usually smaller. Most Mantled Howlers of both sexes are evicted from the group they were born in upon reaching sexual maturity, and so most adult group members are unrelated. The most dominant male, the alpha male, gets preference for food and resting places, and mates with most of the receptive females. The Mantled Howler is important to the rainforest ecology as a seed disperser and germinator. Although it is impacted by deforestation, it is able to adapt better than other species, due to its ability to feed on abundant leaves and its ability to live in a limited amount of space.


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