Artist / Photographer: stiv
Tags: coccinellidae (2 pics)
Coccinellidae is a family of beetles, known variously as ladybirds (UK, Ireland, Australia, Pakistan, South Africa), ladybugs (North America), or lady beetles (preferred by some scientists). Lesser-used names include ladyclock, lady cow, and lady fly.
There are over diffrent Ladybirds 5,000 worldwide.
AppearanceSmall to medium-sized (1-9 mm), wide oval, highly arched beetles with striking short antennas. Most are smooth and more or less glossy (not småmarihøner [Scymninae] and hårmarihøner [Epilachninae]). Many species are contrast-rich color in red, yellow and black. Mari hens show great variation in color and pattern (design). Some species, such as Coccinellidae (Coccinella septempunctata) is fairly constant in appearance while others such as Spot Ladybird (Adalia bipunctata) can vary widely. Many of them are characterized by the presence of dots on deck wings. The scientific species names of many species consists of numerals and either "-punctata (dark dots on light background) or"-guttata "(bright dots on a dark background) and thus indicates the number of dots on deck wings. Different species have different colors and different number of dots. It is a myth that the number of dots tell how old a lady beetle is usually live only one year. The head is short and wide with fasettøyne which is often indented in the front edge. Antennae are club-shaped and rather short, usually shorter than head is wide. Breast shield (pronotum) is much broader than long, often bright with a dark design in the middle or black with some bright spots. Cover the wings are rounded and arched, with no clear point series. The legs are short and powerful, with four-leddete feet where the second term is quite small so that the little magnifying viewing three-leddete out. The larvae are often quite colorful, with a coil-shaped or somewhat avflatet body. Each body part carries multiple warts with brushes in the head, and the three pairs of legs are quite long.
BehaviorA few live on plant food, or fungi, but most are, both as larvae and adults (imago), predators that devour aphids, insect and other plantesugere. They are useful animals and ladybirds are therefore used for biological control of pests of plants.
Ladybirds undergoes a complete transformation.
Typically, the life cycle a year.
Ladybirds are a pest in some years in Denmark. By special good hatching conditions they are up to 10 times as many as usual. Famine and thirst in the late summer get them to withdraw towards the coast, and they can perform in hundreds of thousands of vulnerable sites.
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